(Immigration and Asylum Chamber) Appeal Number: HU/00527/2019
THE IMMIGRATION ACTS
Heard at Manchester CJC
Decision & Reasons Promulgated
On 13 August 2019
On 21 August 2019
UPPER TRIBUNAL JUDGE PLIMMER
THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT
For the appellant: Mr Hodgetts, Counsel
For the respondent: Mr Bates, Senior Home Office Presenting Officer
DECISION AND DIRECTIONS
1. The appellant has appealed against a decision of the First-tier Tribunal ('FTT') sent on 1 April 2019, dismissing his appeals on human rights grounds.
2. Mr Bates conceded that the appellant's grounds of appeal contain errors of law such that the FTT decision must be set aside. Both parties therefore consented to the appeal being allowed and the FTT's decision being set aside. I decided that it was appropriate to allow the appeal pursuant to rule 39 of the Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal) Rules 2008 and I now give brief reasons for doing so.
3. This is an appeal that turned on the respondent's contention that the appellant had misrepresented his earnings such that 322(5) of the Immigration Rules applied. The FTT concluded that the appellant employed deliberate repeated deception over many years, and for this reason dismissed his appeal. I agree with the parties that the FTT's findings for rejecting that claim are infected by material errors of law, as identified in the grounds of appeal, and must be remade entirely. The FTT has failed to take material matters into account and failed to apply the principles set out in Balajigari v SSHD  EWCA Civ 673, 16 April 2019 (albeit this was not available at the time of the FTT hearing).
4. I have had regard to para 7.2 of the relevant Senior President's Practice Statement and the nature and extent of the factual findings required in remaking the decision, and I have decided that this is an appropriate case to remit to the FTT. Fresh findings of fact are necessary and this will involve detailed oral evidence and cross-examination on wide-ranging matters relevant to the allegation of sustained and deliberate deception.
5. The decision of the FTT involved the making of a material error of law. Its decision cannot stand and is set aside.
6. The appeal shall be remitted to the FTT, where the decision will be remade on a de novo basis by any judge other than Judge Row.
Signed: UTJ Plimmer
Ms M. Plimmer
Judge of the Upper Tribunal
13 August 2019