(Immigration and Asylum Chamber) Appeal Number: HU/18773/2019
THE IMMIGRATION ACTS
Heard at Field House
Decision & Reasons Promulgated
On the 04 February 2022
On the 09 March 2022
UPPER TRIBUNAL JUDGE SHERIDAN
THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT
MR AHMED ALI
For the Appellant: Mr M Diwnycz, Senior Home Office Presenting Officer
For the Respondent: Ms A Harvey, Counsel instructed by J M Wilson
DECISION AND REASONS
1. I will give only brief reasons because Mr Diwnycz conceded the appeal at the hearing.
2. This is an appeal brought by the Secretary of State against a decision of Judge of the First-tier Tribunal Landes (“the judge”) promulgated on 30 June 2021. The issue before the judge was whether it was contrary to article 8 ECHR for the Secretary of State to refuse to revoke the deportation order against the respondent. In a detailedand comprehensive decision, the judge concluded that it was and on that basis allowed the appeal.
3. The central argument made in the grounds of appeal is that the judge’s finding that the respondent had a genuine and subsisting parental relationship with his children was inconsistent with AO (Nigeria)  EWCA Civ 661 because in that case it was held that a genuine and subsisting parental relationship requires some element of direct care for the child by the relevant person. Mr Diwnycz acknowledged at the hearing that this submission in the grounds of appeal was misconceived. He was right to make this concession and to abandon the appeal.
4. AO makes unambiguously clear that there does not necessarily need to be an element of direct care and that what is required is a fact specific evaluation of all relevant circumstances. It is therefore surprising, to say the least, that the Secretary of State’s grounds of appeal assert that it was found in AO that there must be an element of direct care. To put it bluntly, this is precisely the opposite of what was found in AO.
5. The task of the judge, in line with the finding in AO, was to undertake a fact specific assessment, having regard to all of the evidence, about the relationship between the respondent and his children. This is precisely what the judge did. The grounds of appeal do not identify an error of law in the decision and the decision stands.
Notice of Decision
6. The appeal is dismissed.
Upper Tribunal Judge Sheridan
Dated: 11 February 2022